Also during the adult phase of life we are susceptible to infection by viruses and bacteria. For this reason, it is necessary the coming of vaccine protection.
“The many diseases that manifest themselves more in adulthood are strong indicators that the individual needs to be vaccinated,” explains Dr. Ligia Pierrotti, infectious disease of High Diagnostic Medicine.
According to the doctor, people belonging to risk groups such as pregnant women, the elderly and those with chronic diseases, should always be aware of vaccination. This is because, for some diseases, protection shall be valid – which explains the need to strengthen. “After ten years, the immune system fails to produce enough antibodies to prevent diseases such as yellow fever and tetanus,” he says. But all adults should be vaccinated, even those who are not in the risk group.
There are vaccines for both bacteria and viruses. “In the first case, vaccination is made to control epidemiological outbreaks and for the virus case, immunization usually lasts a lifetime, requiring only a few booster doses to ensure that the disease will not come back,” says expert .
Check out the seven most recommended vaccines for adults:
Vaccine Double adult type – for diphtheria and tetanus
The first part of diphtheria and tetanus vaccination is done in three doses, with two months interval. Generally, these three doses are taken in childhood. So check your vaccination records to make sure the vaccination is in order. After them, the reinforcement should be done every ten years for immunization remains effective. This is when adults make a mistake, leaving aside the vaccine.
Vaccine Triple-viral – measles, mumps and rubella
In the case of measles, transmission occurs through the respiratory tract. In adults, the disease is rarely observed, but as a form of contagion is simple, adults should be immunized to protect children with whom they live.
The adult should take the triple-viral if you have not received the recommended two doses for full immunization as a child and if you were born after 1960. The Ministry of Health believes that people born before that date have had these diseases and are immunized, or have been vaccinated previously.
In addition, women who wish to have children and who have not been immunized or have never had rubella should be vaccinated one month before pregnancy, as rubella is very dangerous when it affects pregnant women, may cause deformities in the fetus.
Hepatitis B vaccine
Up to 24 years, all people can take the hepatitis B vaccine free of charge at any health center. The application of the vaccine also remains free when the adult is part of a risk group. “People who have contact with blood, such as health professionals, podiatrists, manicures, tattoo artists and fire, or have intimate relationships with carrier of the disease are the most exposed to this disease,” says the expert. Otherwise, any adult can find the vaccine in private clinics.
Pneumo 13 – Pneumonia
Even one of the most important vaccine is the only vaccine calendar that is not offered in health centers – only in private clinics. Protects against 13 types of bacteria that cause pneumonia.
Vaccination against yellow fever
Being a serious disease, with high mortality rate, all people living in risk areas should take the vaccine every ten years throughout life. Who is to one of these regions must be vaccinated at least ten days before the trip. In Brazil, the risk areas are rural areas in the North and in the country’s Midwest and some municipalities in the states of Maranhão, Piauí, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, Parana, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul.
Even if the most serious side effects are very rare, yellow fever vaccine should be restricted those individuals who live or will be traveling somewhere risk.
Vaccine Influenza (flu)
The flu vaccine should be in the routine of who is over 60 years. “Many people fail to take it for fear of the reaction it may cause, but this is a myth, since the alleged reaction of the body has nothing to do with the vaccine, but the flu itself,” says infectious disease .
People over 60 can get the vaccine at clinics, while the younger can be vaccinated in private clinics. Elderly people who do not want to wait until the annual vaccination campaign can be vaccinated in private clinics in all seasons.
The vaccine exists for both men and women and prevent the four major types of Human Papillomavirus – HPV. Although there is the bivalent vaccine, which protects against types 16 and 18 HPV and is only applied to women, the quadrivalent is the most suitable because it protects these two types most commonly cited types 6 and 11 and also serves to men. The quadrivalent should be taken in three doses, the second dose 30 days after the first and the third six months after the second.
Anvisa recommends vaccination in people from nine to 26 years – especially for those who have not started their sex life, to ensure more effective protection