Women hold six times more preventive tests than men, research indicates the Ministry of Health. The lack of male commitment to health must end.
Men tend to smoke and drink more than women, so that makes them easy targets for chronic diseases and other life-threatening, which could be prevented from medical care and preventive examinations.
“There is no age limit to start making preventive exams. If the man smoke, are overweight, have a family history and be sedentary, should start a routine examination as soon as possible, always accompanied by a doctor, “said the general practitioner Clovis Cechinel.
For Cechinel men as well as women should undergo laboratory tests. Among them, the most requested are currently:
- Complete analysis of urine;
- Feces and blood to check lipid levels (such as cholesterol and its fractions, triglycerides);
- Blood glucose (for diabetes diagnosis);
- blood count (to assess anemia and immune cells);
- urea and electrolytes (calcium, potassium, magnesium and sodium);
- Chest X-ray.
The physician also points out two important tests for men: prostate and testicular. The test for prostate research is the digital rectal exam and PSA blood of the measure (prostate specific antigen). Some cancers can be only monitored without the need for interventions to ensure even better quality of life and therefore, early diagnosis through these tests becomes increasingly important.
If the results are within normal levels, the tests should be repeated every two years and, if changed at the discretion of the expert. For those with healthier lifestyle habits, the check-up examinations and prevention are also indicated, especially after 30 years.
However, the Brazilian Society of Urology recommends screening PSA and touch annually in men over 50 years. But if diagnosed with prostate cancer in the family or black men, the PSA should be measured from 45
Another test of relevance is the testis, which can be assessed by hormone levels and tumor markers, and imaging. This cancer is most common between 15 and 35 years and usually is curable, especially if detected early.
Early cardiac evaluation is extremely important when a family history of heart disease. In families where there are several cases of heart attacks and strokes, especially when occurred with younger relatives, it is mandatory to investigate atherosclerosis (deposition of fat in the arteries). They should be part of this overall assessment tests such as ECG, stress test and echocardiogram. The results of these tests should be analyzed by the physician treating the patient and, as the results, continue with assessments and more specific tests.
The specialist explains that the difference between preventive and check-up is that the preventive tests are specific for certain diseases such as the prevention of cancer (such as prostate) or cardiac prevention, which covers only tests linked to heart health. “The check-up is a set of more comprehensive actions, multidisciplinary, involving the diagnosis, guidance and also prevention of disease. It covers preventive said, with a more complete assessment of health “, says the doctor.